Media headlines constantly remind us of the importance of well nourished and healthy skin, and we all strive for it. But skin care doesn’t only include proper routine and products – it’s also necessary to pay attention to the skin itself and its composition.
Did you know that the skin microbiome plays a big role in health and appearance of the skin itself? In the following, we will describe in more detail what the microbiome is, what is his role and how can we ensure his balance.
What is microbiom?
Surface of our skin is covered with microorganisms and they have an invaluable role in skin health. Our microbiome consists of all the microbes that live in and on the body, and it’s consisted of bacteria, viruses and fungi. Microbiome exceeds even the number of cells – there are far more microbial genes than human genes. Other than surface, microorganisms are also found in the deeper layers of the skin, and they feed on the components of sebum, sweat and keratinized skin cells. Since the microbiome consists of living organisms, its structure is easy to disrupt.
Bacteria colonies on our skin help in many ways – they prevent the development of potentially dangerous microorganisms, raise immunity and keep the skin barrier functional. In order to perform all these tasks, the microbiome has to be balanced and diverse to prevent the domination of pathogenic bacteria. The more diverse the microbiome, the healthier the skin.
Using carefully selected skin routine will help balance the microbiome. Important ingredients are probiotics, prebiotics and antioxidants. Probiotics and prebiotics encourage the growth and development of „good“ microorganisms, while antioxidants protect us from free radicals.
What causes microbiome imbalance?
External factors such as water, alkaline and antimicrobial soaps negatively affect the skin microbiome – the pH of the skin increases, it loses its lipid layer and becomes dry which encourages the growth of bad bacteria.
Modern life – washing and disinfecting our hands too often, products we use and the reduced time spent outdoors have led us to a super hygienic atmosphere in which besides bad microorganisms we also wash off the skin’s natural lipid layer and thus dry it.
Compromised microbiome means weaker skin barrier – skin becomes prone to inflammations, redness and peeling. Healthy skin barrier retains moisture and prevents the entry of pathogens and irritants. When one strain of bad microorganisms begins to spread, dysbiosis occurs, i.e. imbalance – a state of low diversity of the microbiome. It can also manifest as sensitive skin and can accelerate the signs of skin aging – loss of elasticity, uneven tone and wrinkles.
How to improve the balance of the microbiome?
Improving and maintaining the balance of the microbiome is extremely important. It’s necessary to use mild products with natural ingredients – if we pay more attention to the microbiome, we will improve skin health at its source. Many problems may be caused by the products we use. In addition to the already mentioned probiotics, prebiotics and antioxidants, if the skin barrier is compromised, it’s necessary to focus on ingredients such as aloe vera, jojoba, shea butter and squalane. Pink oat mask contains oat extract enriched with probiotics, prebiotics and natural AHA acid that promotes cell renewal and helps in balancing the microbiome. We recommend using the mask several times a week.
Hydration – healthy skin is hydrated, and dehydratation negatively affects the balance of the microbiome. Make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day, and always have a Alcohol free facial toner on hand for instant refreshment. Regenerative hydrating cream contains red algae extract which supports skin regeneration and elasticity by stimulating colagen synthesis, while argan, jojoba and evening primrose deepy nourish and nurture.
Don’t over cleanse – over cleansing your skin can be just as bad as not cleaning your skin at all. Often use of disinfectants, shower gels and soaps that contain harsh ingredients can damage the microbiome and wash away natural oils and good bacteria from the skin. Use natural oils and nourishing cleansers with natural ingredients in the morning and in the evening. Gentle cleansing maintains the skin’s natural pH balance and supports an optimal environment for a healthy skin microbiome. We recommend using the Clay scrub & mask treatment, which gently exfoliates, deeply cleanses and regenerates the skin. Jojoba and apricot oils nourish, while immortelle acts on the signs of skin aging.
Go outdoors – enjoy a relaxing walk in the nature or engage in some outdoor activity. In addition to feeling better you will also increase the diversitiy of the microbiome, which will make your skin brighter.
When introducing probiotic facial care, it’s necessary to avoid aggresive ingredients and rubbing the skin. It’s advisable to keep the products in a cool place, and also pay attention to nutrition by eating fiber-rich foods. Besides that, limiting the use of antibiotics is also important since they wipe out the good bacteria in the body.
Listen to our advices, start caring for your skin from the inside out and enjoy the process.